Wednesday, 6 April 2011

surah baqarah verse 35-39

35. And We said: "O Adam! Dwell you and your wife in the Paradise and eat both of you freely with pleasure and delight of things therein as wherever you will, but come not near this tree or you both will be of the Zalimun (wrong-doers)."
36. Then the Shaitan (Satan) made them slip therefrom (the Paradise), and got them out from that in which they were. We said: "Get you down, all, with enmity between yourselves. On earth will be a dwelling place for you and an enjoyment for a time."
37. Then Adam received from his Lord Words . And his Lord pardoned him (accepted his repentance). Verily, He is the One Who forgives (accepts repentance), the Most Merciful.
38. We said: "Get down all of you from this place (the Paradise), then whenever there comes to you Guidance from Me, and whoever follows My Guidance, there shall be no fear on them, nor shall they grieve.
39. But those who disbelieve and belie Our Ayat (proofs, evidences, verses, lessons, signs, revelations, etc.) such are the dwellers of the Fire, they shall abide therein forever.


there is a difference of opinion about the "Heaven" where Hazrat Adam and his wife were placed. But one thing is certain that the heaven under discussion is not the eternal paradise which will be the abode of all believers after death, because that Paradise is eternal, no one will be turned out of there. Some scholars are of the opinion that the heaven being talked about is an elevated place, a garden where Hazrat Adam and his wife where allowed to stay and eat whatever their heart desires and do whatever they will. But they were warned against going near a certain tree. As explained in the previous verses Iblis had defied the commands of Allah and thus had become one of the disbelievers. He tricked Hazrat Adam and Bibi Hawa to eat from the forbidden tree because he resented the fact that because of Hazrat Adam, Iblis had been become one of the disbelievers and was thrown out of Paradise. To get even, he tricked them into committing the mistake of going against Allah's order and as a result they too were ordered to leave the Paradise and live on earth for a temporary period.  Quran doesnt discuss which tree was the forbidden one because the purpose here is to emphasize the fact that if a believer is forbidden to do something, its inevitable that the devil will try to tempt him to do otherwise. This Paradise was an example for Hazrat Adam to show him what will happen to his progeny on earth i.e . they will be tricked and tempted by the Shaitaan to defy Allah's commands thereby displeasing Him. Iblis had prayed to Allah to grant him a long life so that he can prove to Allah that Adam is not faithful to Him and most of he progeny will not worship Him. Allah granted his prayer marking the beginning of an open war between the agents of Allah (progeny of Hazrat Adam) and the agents of Iblis (Shaitaan).
but Hazrat Adam was sincerely regretful of the mistake he had committed and wanted to ask for forgiveness but was unable to express his regret in words. At that moment Allah taught him the words of repentance (Surah Araf verse 23) " "Our Lord! We have wronged ourselves. If You forgive us not, and bestow not upon us Your Mercy, we shall certainly be of the losers.""
Indeed Allah is very Merciful , He forgave Hazrat Adam and assured that all those who will follow His commandments on earth need not fear but those who disbelieve and deny the verses of Allah, their abode will be the Hell fire and that will be eternal.

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