Thursday, 3 March 2011

Surah Al Baqarah verse 21-25

Translation

21. O mankind! Worship your Lord (Allah), Who created you and those who were before you so that you may become Al-Muttaqun (the pious
22. Who has made the earth a resting place for you, and the sky as a canopy, and sent down water (rain) from the sky and brought forth therewith fruits as a provision for you. Then do not set up rivals unto Allah (in worship) while you know (that He Alone has the right to be worshipped).
23. And if you are in doubt concerning that which We have sent down (i.e. the Qur'an) to Our slave (Muhammad Peace be upon him ), then produce a Surah (chapter) of the like thereof and call your witnesses (supporters and helpers) besides Allah, if you are truthful.
24. But if you do it not, and you can never do it, then fear the Fire (Hell) whose fuel is men and stones, prepared for the disbelievers.
25. And give glad tidings to those who believe and do righteous good deeds, that for them will be Gardens under which rivers flow (Paradise). Every time they will be provided with a fruit therefrom, they will say: "This is what we were provided with before," and they will be given things in resemblance (i.e. in the same form but different in taste) and they shall have therein Azwajun Mutahharatun (purified mates or wives),  and they will abide therein forever.

Tafseer
the very first phrase of verse 21 (O mankind) implies that now Allah is referring to the entire mankind and not just the believers or the non-believers. Rather its for everyone. We are told in this verse to worship Allah (accept Him as the Ruler, love Him and bow down before Him humbly). so that we may be saved from His displeasure and wrath. He made this earth a comfortable place for us to reside with a sky above us for comfort and protection.  The rain that pours from the sky facilitates the growth of vegetation and fruits on earth which become the food not only for the humans but for all sorts of living creatures on the earth. So when He is being so Merciful and Kind in blessing us with numerous bounties then there leaves no room for doubt that only He should be worshipped and nothing else should be associated with His existence. uttering words that even hint at Shirk should be avoided at any cost. A Hadith states that once a man said to the Holy Prophet (pbuh) " Whatever Allah wills and whatever you will." The Holy Prophet (pbuh) replied " Are you associating me with the existence of Allah? You should say ' Whatever Allah alone wills'."

The Master who created living beings, earth, sky ,fruits and vegetation, the same Creator has revealed the Holy Quran and then the verse goes on to challenge all those who doubt the Quran to be the word of Allah. Allah challenges those people to try and create just one chapter like the ones in the Book and they can get the help, support, guidance from as many people and jinns(referred to in a similar challenge in Surah Bani Israel) as they want. A similar challenge is given in Surah Younas verse 38, Surah Lut verse 13, Surah Bani Israel verse 88 and Surah Tur verse 34.  Verse 24 informs them of the consequences as well that its not possible that they will succeed in this challenge so they better prepare for the Hell fire which is already burning and the fire will intensify when human bodies are thrown into it. the fuel of the Hell fire has been stated as the human bodies and the stones which implies the idols worshipped by the non-believers.
Glad tidings are for those who accept the Quran as the word of Allah, read it, understand it and act on it as well. for such people Paradise is guaranteed where there will be gardens with flowing rivers and fruits (in the context of all sorts of eatables) that would resemble the corresponding food on earth just to give a sense of comfort and familiarity to the inhabitants of Paradise. But no doubt the fruits of Jannah would be far more delicious in taste. These pious beings will also be blessed with pure partners/spouses (both wives and husbands) -the arabic word "zauj" means spouse. And all these blessing will be eternal.

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