Tuesday, 15 March 2011

surah al Baqarah verse 26-29


26. Verily, Allah is not ashamed to set forth a parable even of a mosquito or so much more when it is bigger (or less when it is smaller) than it. And as for those who believe, they know that it is the Truth from their Lord, but as for those who disbelieve, they say: "What did Allah intend by this parable?" By it He misleads many, and many He guides thereby. And He misleads thereby only those who are Al-Fasiqun (the rebellious, disobedient to Allah).
27. Those who break Allah's Covenant after ratifying it, and sever what Allah has ordered to be joined and do mischief on earth, it is they who will suffer a loss.
28. How can you disbelieve in Allah? Seeing that you were dead and He gave you life. Then He will give you death, then again will bring you to life (on the Day of Resurrection) and then unto Him you will return.
29. He it is Who created for you all that is on earth. Then He Istawa (rose over) towards the heaven and made them seven heavens and He is the All-Knower of everything.

In the previous verses a challenge was given to the non-believers to produce a verse similar to that in the Quran. When all those who had taken up the challenge failed to succeed, they turned to ridiculing the examples given in the Quran. They said if Quran had really been the word of Allah then it would have contained examples of important things and not of things that are insignificant or small. these verses are a response to that ridicule.
Allah is not ashamed to give examples of a thing as tiny as a mosquito. and the believers do not question this rather they believe whatever Allah tells them but the non-believers they ridicule these examples and question the purpose of the example/ similie. (the amazing fact is that the very 'insignificant' creature being talked about here becomes the cause of around 250 million malaria cases and 1 million deaths in a year all round the world). These people are misguided by Allah through this very Book and examples and at the same time the believers are directed to the right path. The question may arise that since Allah himself misguides these people then why would they be at fault? Allah answers this very question in the next verse. He says that the misguided people will be those who refuse to accept the word of Allah, are disobedient to Him, break Allah's covenant after accepting it and break off all that which Allah has ordered to maintain and they cause mischief on earth. These are the people who will suffer a heavy loss As Dr Israr explained that this convenant refers to the time before our birth when all humans were in the form of spirits/souls(there were no bodies Allah created all humans in the form of spirits only). The spirits of all those who were going to come to the world till the Doom Day were created at one time before coming to this world and brought before Allah where they were asked "Am i not your Lord?" and all the spirits replied that indeed You are our Lord and we accept You as our Sustainer , our Master. Every human being has made this convenant before coming to the Earth and it is this promise that Allah is talking about.  all those who made that promise in the spirit form before coming to the world in the form of human bodies and are now breaking the same promise, (in spite of the fact that Allah sent down messengers and the Holy Quran as a reminder of our promise to Him) they are the Faasiqeen.
break off all that which Allah has ordered to maintain - this is explained by verse 38 of Surah Ar-Roum "So give what is due to kindred, the needy, and the wayfarer. that is best for those who seek the Countenance of Allah and it is they who will prosper."
Allah has ordered us to maintain strong relations with not only the Creator Himself but with humans as well i.e. maintain family ties and fulfill the rights of relatives, family and the needy.
verse 25 of Surah Raad states the same - "As for those who violate GOD's covenant after pledging to keep it, and sever what GOD has commanded to be joined, and commit evil, they have incurred condemnation; they have incurred the worst destiny."

verse 28 is an exclamatory statement that How can you reject Allah, disbelieve in Him who gave you life from a state of death, then again will pronounce death on you and then will bring you back to life when you will return to Him. (the process of life and death repeats i.e. we get two lives and two). Many of us fail to understand the concept of two deaths. Dr Israr Ahmed and Dr Farhat explain the first death as the time when all humans were created in the form of spirits at one time, were called upon by Allah where they made the covenant and then all the spirits were put to sleep (death 1). This explains that we were never non-existent. All of us existed in the form of dead spirits before coming to this world. these dead spirits were brought back to life in the form of humans to this world(life 1). Then we shall die on this very earth(death 2) and our spirits will return to Allah and then again we will be brought back to life for the Day of resurrection(life 2). And then we will return to Him for an eternal life.

the last verse reminds us that this world and everything in this earth is created for us. Allah created this land for us and provided for all our needs and then He went on to create the sky and created 7 perfect skies. And this land and sky work to fullfill our needs to provide us with livelihood, fruits, vegetation etc. And indeed Allah knows everything.


  1. Sir, if all spirits were never non-existent as you have said, isn't it similar with one of the 20 attributes of Allah, Qidam , being forever existing without beginning?

    1. Our sipits were not ever-existing, they have all been created by ALLAH swt, as the text explains above :"The spirits of all those who were going to come to the world till the Doom Day were created at one time before coming to this world and brought before Allah"

      Hence we have been created by The Creator.

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