Monday, 4 July 2011

surah Baqarah ayat 84-90

84. And (remember) when We took your covenant (saying): Shed not the blood of your people, nor turn out your own people from their dwellings. Then, (this) you ratified and (to this) you bear witness.

85. After this, it is you who kill one another and drive out a party of you from their homes, assist (their enemies) against them, in sin and transgression. And if they come to you as captives, you ransom them, although their expulsion was forbidden to you. Then do you believe in a part of the Scripture and reject the rest? Then what is the recompense of those who do so among you, except disgrace in the life of this world, and on the Day of Resurrection they shall be consigned to the most grievous torment. And Allah is not unaware of what you do.

86. Those are they who have bought the life of this world at the price of the Hereafter. Their torment shall not be lightened nor shall they be helped.

87. And indeed, We gave Musa (Moses) the Book and followed him up with a succession of Messengers. And We gave 'Iesa (Jesus), the son of Maryam (Mary), clear signs and supported him with Ruh-ul-Qudus [Jibrael (Gabriel)]. Is it that whenever there came to you a Messenger with what you yourselves desired not, you grew arrogant? Some, you disbelieved and some, you killed.

88. And they say, "Our hearts are wrapped (i.e. do not hear or understand Allah's Word)." Nay, Allah has cursed them for their disbelief, so little is that which they believe.

89. And when there came to them (the Jews), a Book (this Qur'an) from Allah confirming what is with them [the Taurat (Torah) and the Injeel (Gospel)], although aforetime they had invoked Allah (for coming of Muhammad Peace be upon him ) in order to gain victory over those who disbelieved, then when there came to them that which they had recognised, they disbelieved in it. So let the Curse of Allah be on the disbelievers.

90. How bad is that for which they have sold their ownselves, that they should disbelieve in that which Allah has revealed (the Qur'an), grudging that Allah should reveal of His Grace unto whom He will of His slaves. So they have drawn on themselves wrath upon wrath. And for the disbelievers, there is disgracing torment.

in previous verses the Bani Israel were told what to do and related more to individualistic life (prayers,zakaat,rights of parents etc). However the verses being discussed in this post relate to the nation as a whole i.e. deal with the collectivistic life as opposed to the individualistc life.
The bani israel were told not to kill their own brothers, their own people and not to kick out from their himes the people of their religion. And they promised that they wont do this. But they did not act on this promise rather they killed their own brothers, kicked them out of their own homes and plotted against their own brothers.
The Bani Israel were instructed the following:
1. dont kill you Yahood brothers
2. dont be unjust to you Yahoodi brothers by kicking them out of their country/homes
3. dont help others plot against your Yahoodi brothers
4. If the  yahoodi brothers become prisoners then get them released by paying fidya (compensation/payment in any specified form)

However the Bani Israel did not follow the first three commandment since they were not in their favour but they followed the fourth commandment. Banu Nazir, Banu Quraiza and Banu Qainuka were three tribes of Bani Israel before the arrival of Holy Prophet (pbuh). Aus and Khazraj were two brothers whose children divided into two groups. these two groups were the pagan tribes of Madina. The Banu Nazir and Banu Qainuka befriended the Khazraj tribe while Banu Quraiza befriended the Aus tribe.
When Aus and Khazraj entered into a war the corresponding allies from Bani Israel also entered into a fight amongst themselves even though they were forbidden to do so ( they were told not to kill their own brothers and not to kick their brothers out of their homeland and homes for the benefit of some other tribe or nation). However when people from their own tribe were taken prisoners they got them released by paying fidya (but this was only for their own tribe and not for everyone belonging to their religion). Secondly giving fidya to release prisoners increased the worth of the leader of the tribe since this act of his would potray him to be a very generous and kind hearted leader. Therefore the Bani Israel acted on the last command only because it was in their own favour.
those who believe only certain parts of the Book and refute the rest of the parts, for such people the consequence is humiliation (explanation given in surah Hashar about the tribe of Banu Nazir). After the battle of Khandak, the women and children of Banu Quraiza were made slaves and the men were killed. This was their consequence (an example of their humiliation) since they accepted only those commandments of Allah which were in their favour and refuted the rest. this was the humilation in the world and on the Day of Judgement they will suffer from severe punishment primarily because they were involved in hypocrisy (Munafiqat). No one would be allowed to help them and their punishment wont be reduced.
And Allah sent Torah to Hazrat Musa and sent so many messengers to the Bani Israel one after the other. Hazrat Isa (whose birth to Hazrat Maryam was a miracle in itself) was also sent to Bani Israel with special gifts(he could bring the dead back to life, he could cure leprosis and blindness and all this he could do through the sole power of Allah). explanation in surah Imran ayat 48-53. Hazrat Isa was helped by Hazrat Jibrael at various occasions:
1. at the time of the birth of Hazrat Isa, Hazrat Jibrael protected him from the devil.
2. Hazrat Jibrael blowed and hence Hazrat Maryam conceived Hazrat Isa
3. It was through Hazrat Jibrael that Hazrat Isa was raised ot the skies.
4. And Hazrat Jibrael brought Injeel to Hazrat Isa.
when the Bani Israel did not like any message  of Allah they would refute the truth and in their arrogance killed the messengers and prophets of Allah like Hazrat Yahya and Hazrat Zakaria. They even tried to kill Hazrat Isa but were unsuccessful. And they said theit hearts are wrapped up in a covering hence they fail to accept the Truth. And it was the curse of Allah on them that very few of the Yahoodis believed in the True Faith or this ayat could also mean that the Yahoodis believed a very small part of the Truth- the Word of Allah.
And then Allah sent down the Quran which confirmed the teachings of their Book (Torah).
Before the arrival of the Holy Prophet(pbuh) the disbelievers and the hypocrites both would pray to Allah during a battle that Oh God by the virtue of Your messenger who is supposed to come, grant us victory in this battle. Another opinion holds that they used to say that a messenger of Allah is expected to come and from him we will gain power and will defeat the enemies. Thus, before the arrival of the Holy Prophet (pbuh) they were waiting for him to come but when he did arrive and they even recognized him yyet they refused to accept him since he was not from amongst the Bani Israel rather hw was from the Bani Ismail and this shattered the ego of the Bani Israel and in their arrogance, they refused to accept him as the last messenger of Allah even though they knew the Truth.

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