Monday, 4 July 2011

surah baqarah verse 91-104


91. And when it is said to them (the Jews), "Believe in what Allah has sent down," they say, "We believe in what was sent down to us." And they disbelieve in that which came after it, while it is the truth confirming what is with them. Say (O Muhammad Peace be upon him to them): "Why then have you killed the Prophets of Allah aforetime, if you indeed have been believers?"

92. And indeed Musa (Moses) came to you with clear proofs, yet you worshipped the calf after he left, and you were Zalimun (polytheists and wrong-doers).

93. And (remember) when We took your covenant and We raised above you the Mount (saying), "Hold firmly to what We have given you and hear (Our Word). They said, "We have heard and disobeyed." And their hearts absorbed (the worship of) the calf because of their disbelief. Say: "Worst indeed is that which your faith enjoins on you if you are believers."

94. Say to (them): "If the home of the Hereafter with Allah is indeed for you specially and not for others, of mankind, then long for death if you are truthful."

95. But they will never long for it because of what their hands have sent before them (i.e. what they have done). And Allah is All-Aware of the Zalimun (polytheists and wrong-doers).

96. And verily, you will find them (the Jews) the greediest of mankind for life and (even greedier) than those who - ascribe partners to Allah (and do not believe in Resurrection - Magians, pagans, and idolaters, etc.). Everyone of them wishes that he could be given a life of a thousand years. But the grant of such life will not save him even a little from (due) punishment. And Allah is All-Seer of what they do.

97. Say (O Muhammad Peace be upon him ): "Whoever is an enemy to Jibrael (Gabriel) (let him die in his fury), for indeed he has brought it (this Qur'an) down to your heart by Allah's Permission, confirming what came before it [i.e. the Taurat (Torah) and the Injeel (Gospel)] and guidance and glad tidings for the believers.

98. "Whoever is an enemy to Allah, His Angels, His Messengers, Jibrael (Gabriel) and Mikael (Michael), then verily, Allah is an enemy to the disbelievers."

99. And indeed We have sent down to you manifest Ayat (these Verses of the Qur'an which inform in detail about the news of the Jews and their secret intentions, etc.), and none disbelieve in them but Fasiqun (those who rebel against Allah's Command).

100. Is it not (the case) that every time they make a covenant, some party among them throw it aside? Nay! the truth is most of them believe not.

101. And when there came to them a Messenger from Allah (i.e. Muhammad Peace be upon him ) confirming what was with them, a party of those who were given the Scripture threw away the Book of Allah behind their backs as if they did not know!

102. They followed what the Shayatin (devils) gave out (falsely of the magic) in the lifetime of Sulaiman (Solomon). Sulaiman did not disbelieve, but the Shayatin (devils) disbelieved, teaching men magic and such things that came down at Babylon to the two angels, Harut and Marut, but neither of these two (angels) taught anyone (such things) till they had said, "We are only for trial, so disbelieve not (by learning this magic from us)." And from these (angels) people learn that by which they cause separation between man and his wife, but they could not thus harm anyone except by Allah's Leave. And they learn that which harms them and profits them not. And indeed they knew that the buyers of it (magic) would have no share in the Hereafter. And how bad indeed was that for which they sold their ownselves, if they but knew.

103. And if they had believed, and guarded themselves from evil and kept their duty to Allah, far better would have been the reward from their Lord, if they but knew!

The Yahood were commanded to believe in what was sent to them (the Quran) but they said  that they will believe only in what they possessed (The Torah). Allah then said to them that even if they believe in Torah then why do they kill the prophets sent by Allah because in no Book of Allah has such a command been revealed that they should kill the prophets. And when they starting worshipping the calf, the love of the calf took over their body and soul as a curse of Allah. Because love for any creation of Allah while staying within limits is a blessing but when the love exceeds that limit and supercedes the love of God then it becomes a curse. Such was their faith that the were engaged in polytheism, killed the prophets of Allah and yet claimed to be the "chosen people" for whom heaven is an eternal abode. They used to say that they will go Heaven so Allah tells them that if they are so sure and confident about this then they should long for death. The next verse then states that they will never long for death because they know what their deeds are like and they are aware of their actions.Even though the desire for death is forbidden but here a challenge is being given to the Bani Israel that if they are so sure that their abode lies in Heaven even if they refute the Holy Prophet(pbuh) then they should desire for death. Rather they all wished for a life of thousand years but even such a long life could not save them from the severe consequences they will face on the Last Day. The excuse they had for refuting the Holy Prophet has been given by the following incident:
Ibn e Surya, a scholar of the Bani Israel, once asked the Holy Prophet (pbuh) that who bought the revelations to him. The Prophet(pbuh) replied that Hazrat Jibrael did. at this Ibn e Surya replied that Hazrat Jibrael is an old enemy of theirs since he always brought bad news and disasters to them. Hence they refused to believe the revelations brought by Hazrat Jibrael. The Bani Israel were also disgruntled since Hazrat Jibrael brought revelations to Bani Ismail and not to Bani Israel. But all these were stupid excuses for refuting the word of Allah.
In response to this verse 97 and 98 state that whoever is an enemy of Hazrat Jibrael will suffer the consequences of this enmity since Hazrat Jibrael brought down revelations by the permission and command of Allah. And whoever is an enemy to the messengers and angels of Allah, He is an enemy to them.
And when Allah sent down Quran for their guidance they ignored and disbelieved the Book and rather engaged in activities which the devils used to engage in during the times of Hazrat Sulaiman.
Hazrat Sulaiman had command over the winds and he was taught the language of the animals by the Grace of Allah. At that time the devils from amongst the Jinn and men spread the word that Hazrat Sulaiman did this through magic and they then dsitributed books of such magic among the people. when Hazrat Sulaiman got to know about this, he collected all those books and hid them. After his death when those books were recovered, the evil-doers once again spread the word that since the books were recovered from the possession of Hazrat Sulaiman, hence proved that he was a magician and not a messenger.and then the people started reading those books and the devils taught them magic. The Yahood also engaged in learning what had been taught to Harut and Marut (two angels) in the city of Babylon. even though Harut and Marut refused to teach them, they said that they have been sent as a trial for the people so the people should refrain from the disbelieving act of learning and doing magic. But the Yahoods ignored the Book of Allah to learn the tricks of magic(an act of devil). it wasnt Hazrat Sulaiman who did magic rather it were these devils who disbelieved and taught magic to others, the kind of magic that creates seperations between a man and his wife, the magic that breaks homes. the doers of magic have no share in the Hereafter such is their misfortune, if they they knew and realized.and if only they had guarded themselves against the evil magic they indulged in and had believed in the word of Allah they would have been rewarded.

No comments:

Post a Comment